Friday, February 04, 2011

How Egypt Cut Off the Internet

The Basics of an Internet Connection

On the simplest of levels, your computer connects to the internet through an internet service provider (ISP) TeData, LinkDotNet.. etc. Your service provider then either connects directly to all the other internet service providers around the world or to a larger internet service provider that then connects to all the others.

When you open up your web browser and type a domain name into the address bar, say, for instance your service provider sends a lightning-quick request to whichever service provider uses to make its web pages publicly available on the internet.

The computer that holds all of's web pages sends a response back through its internet service provider basically saying, "Here's the web page you requested."

The Border Gateway Protocol

In order for ISPs to establish broader connections between the computers on their networks and the rest of the computers on the internet, traffic is routed through the Border Gateway Protocol (BGP). Egypt's ISPs have a certain amount of machine-readable internet protocol (IP) addresses that are used to identify connected computers across the internet, and the BGP makes the active IP addresses visible to the rest of the world to facilitate connections.

The Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) routing table routes have been taken offline in Egypt

What BGP does is 'advertise' the local address prefixes to neighboring networks. Wholesale ISPs propagate their customer's advertisements to their neighbors so that eventually all ISPs know all other ISPs' prefixes. This enables routers to know where to send packets with a given destination address. The 3,500 Egyptian prefixes are now no longer advertised, so they're missing from the routing tables of BGP routers around the world. This means that routers no longer know where to send packets addressed to IP addresses that fall within these prefixes—even if all the cables are still working fine.

Below Tedata hops and BGP port

179/tcp open bgp

28-1-2011 - After the BGP withdrawals sequence the situation, now, appear in this mode:

There are 3 projects underway to effectively create a government-less Internet.

The necessity of this is illuminated by recent events in Egypt, which include the government “shutting down the Internet.”

One possible option, discussed by geeks for years, is the creation of wireless ad-hoc networks, to eliminate the need for centralized hardware and network connectivity.

we're seeking projects that are specifically aimed at replacing or augmenting the public Internet.

Below few projects working to create such networks.


Openet is a part of the open_sailing project. Openet’s goal is to create a civilian Internet outside of the control of governments and corporations. It aims to not only create local mesh networks, but to build a global mesh network of mesh networks stitched together by long range packet radio.


Netsukuku is a project of the Italian group FreakNet MediaLab. Netsukuku is designed to be a distributed, anonymous mesh network that relies only on normal wireless network cards. FreakNet is even building its own domain name architecture.


Not to be confused with the mesh networking hardware vendor of the same name, OPENMESH is a forum created by venture captalist Shervin Pishevar for volunteers interested in building mesh networks for people living in conditions where Internet access may be limited or controlled.

Wednesday, February 02, 2011

Internet Access - dialup links

* dialup modem service

Number: +46850009990 user/pass: telecomix/telecomix

Numbers and logins for dialup modem connections here.
(Only verified numbers, and clean out errorous ones!)

Number User Password
+46850009990 telecomix telecomix
+46850009990 tcx tcx
+331728890150 toto toto
+46187000800 flashback flashback
+34912910230 any user/pass
+3908251872424 no auth needed
+3909241962424 no auth needed
+16033715050 any user/pass
+4721405060 any user/pass
+431962962 selfnet selfnet
+492317299993 telecomix telecomix

## about 12 (25 total, but we only have 12 analog dsps so rest is isdn-only) by
+49 231 97844321 telecomix telecomix
+4953160941030 telecomix telecomix

+31 20 5350535

username password
-------- --------
gypt0001 olinver
gypt0002 hezrass
gypt0003 fraesse
gypt0004 truille
gypt0005 gonamer
gypt0006 lentuff
gypt0007 pabeete
gypt0008 slyhans
gypt0009 koxedin
gypt0010 illemon
gypt0011 dierers
gypt0012 oringly
gypt0013 ditipri
gypt0014 axilmas
gypt0015 firleut
gypt0016 aughdan
gypt0017 divesbo
gypt0018 nockuer
gypt0019 glaiged
gypt0020 ushobly
gypt0021 vullarm
gypt0022 rokeron
gypt0023 nitrist
gypt0024 traubil
gypt0025 aactfus
gypt0026 whigonn
gypt0027 hemlope
gypt0028 pedhoms
gypt0029 hayongs
gypt0030 boverse
gypt0031 nonifol
gypt0032 quirent
gypt0033 lagster
gypt0034 cogymed
gypt0035 tacknor
gypt0036 calking
gypt0037 navsked
gypt0038 pakdeop
gypt0039 hikosca
gypt0040 pivenst
gypt0041 icervat
gypt0042 instron